Saturday, July 25, 2020

Mind Mapping for Children with ASD Uses and Benefits - Focus

Mind Mapping for Children with ASD Uses and Benefits - Focus Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face many challenges in life. Their symptoms include difficulties in communication, social impairment as well as repetitive and stereotyped behaviours. Even those with what is called high-functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome have many special needs that have to be met in order for them to integrate with society and be successful throughout the course of their education. “The soul never thinks without a mental image.”  â€" Aristotle What most children with ASD have in common are strong visual skills. They tend to be visual thinkers and learn better through visual means. For those children it is important that caregivers and teachers use visual supports when communicating with them. Images  not only improve memory and recall but also help the child to comprehend information and express their thoughts. One particularly versatile technique that combines texts with images and a graphical structure is  mind mapping, which  is already widely used in educational contexts.   “Often, children can’t learn because one component in their mental ‘circuit board’ is missing. Mind mapping helps them wire the circuit board completely.” Mind mapping offers a number of distinct benefits that are particularly valuable for children with impairments such as ASD. Mind maps enable them to… See the bigger  picture Make out  relationships between individual pieces of information Understand hierarchy and connections While most children are able to comprehend abstract information at a certain age, children with ASD can experience difficulties in this area and, like younger children, they can profit from a learning-by-doing approach, which can be realized by mapping out their thoughts or knowledge about a certain subject.  Because of their graphical structure  as well as their usage of images  and symbols, mind maps also  involve  more senses than plain text normally does. Furthermore, creating a mind map doesn’t feel as much like work as writing linear notes or texts does. Mind mapping feels more like doodling, and thus is actually a lot of fun. Once the child understands the basics of the technique, they can apply it independently and for any given subject. Mind Mapping for Reading Comprehension A Case Study Danny Cayelli is a bright 13-year-old student diagnosed with what is known as high-functioning autism, a type of ASD that compromises his social skills as well as executive functioning. He uses MindMeister for his reading comprehension assignments at school. Danny has problems doing more than one thing at a time. He gets overwhelmed easily and has troubles answering complex questions. “The factual knowledge is there,” his mom, Elsa Cayelli explains, “but it’s like he’s missing a filing structure in his head that would let him access the information efficiently.” When his reading comprehension assignments at school became more difficult, Danny had a hard time keeping up. “He got very frustrated and his grades dropped,” Danny’s mom says. “When we talked to his doctor about it, he suggested Danny do a summary of each chapter as soon as he had finished reading it. That did help, but since Danny was using text documents to do those summaries, he still wasn’t able to organize his thoughts and notes the way he needed to. The big turnaround came when Danny’s English teacher showed him how to use MindMeister.” With it, Danny is able to create mental maps that represent his thoughts in an organized fashion. The visual structure triggers his memory and lets him access information more efficiently than ever before. MindMeister enables Danny to work through his reading assignments and prepare his book reports all on his own. Since he started using the tool, his grades have gone up from an F to a B level and his reading comprehension has improved. But what’s more, he finally enjoys doing his homework again. You can read the complete case study here. An Entire School Based on Mind Mapping According to Tony Buzan, Australia was the first country to apply mind maps in the education of autistic children and has done so with astonishing results.  Seabrook Primary School in Victoria states that it “has had enormous success in student self-confidence and academic achievement following the introduction of mind mapping in 2002”. Their initial efforts were focused on the school’s more difficult students and those with discipline and behavioral problems. They note that mind mapping “enabled them to be far more engaged and less difficult.” For their autistic students, they report that mind maps finally gave them an opportunity to show their knowledge and communicate with their teachers. Studies and Recommendations Over the past few decades a number of studies have been conducted on the subject, one of them by Joy Beaney and Penny Kershaw in 2003*  (“Positive Thinking Skills”). The two women were investigating ways to improvethinking skills of children with ASD and other communication difficulties who were being educated as part of a mainstream class. One of their goals was to provide teachers of such children with practical strategies and tools to be used in the classroom. Among others, they found that one key element is the “specific teaching of ways to record and organize material, with mind maps particularly useful in enabling the children to see both the whole picture and component elements.” Many other experts recommend the use of mind maps and similar techniques in the education of children with ASD, among them Francine Brower (“100 Ideas for Supporting Pupils on the Autistic Spectrum”)**, M. Cathleen Gardill and Asha K. Jitendra (“Advanced Story Map Instruction: Effects on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities”)***  as well as the National Autistic Society in the UK. Learn More The following map contains a number of articles, books and studies focusing on mind mapping for children with ASD and other learning disabilities. * Beaney, J. and Kershaw, P. (2003) Positive Thinking Skills. Special, Summer. ** Brower, F. (2007) 100 Ideas for Supporting Pupils on the Autistic Spectrum.  London, Continuum. *** Gardill, M. C. and Jitendra, A. K. (1999). Advanced Story Map Instruction: Effects on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities. Mind Mapping for Children with ASD Uses and Benefits - Focus Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face many challenges in life. Their symptoms include difficulties in communication, social impairment as well as repetitive and stereotyped behaviours. Even those with what is called high-functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome have many special needs that have to be met in order for them to integrate with society and be successful throughout the course of their education. “The soul never thinks without a mental image.”  â€" Aristotle What most children with ASD have in common are strong visual skills. They tend to be visual thinkers and learn better through visual means. For those children it is important that caregivers and teachers use visual supports when communicating with them. Images  not only improve memory and recall but also help the child to comprehend information and express their thoughts. One particularly versatile technique that combines texts with images and a graphical structure is  mind mapping, which  is already widely used in educational contexts.   “Often, children can’t learn because one component in their mental ‘circuit board’ is missing. Mind mapping helps them wire the circuit board completely.” Mind mapping offers a number of distinct benefits that are particularly valuable for children with impairments such as ASD. Mind maps enable them to… See the bigger  picture Make out  relationships between individual pieces of information Understand hierarchy and connections While most children are able to comprehend abstract information at a certain age, children with ASD can experience difficulties in this area and, like younger children, they can profit from a learning-by-doing approach, which can be realized by mapping out their thoughts or knowledge about a certain subject.  Because of their graphical structure  as well as their usage of images  and symbols, mind maps also  involve  more senses than plain text normally does. Furthermore, creating a mind map doesn’t feel as much like work as writing linear notes or texts does. Mind mapping feels more like doodling, and thus is actually a lot of fun. Once the child understands the basics of the technique, they can apply it independently and for any given subject. Mind Mapping for Reading Comprehension A Case Study Danny Cayelli is a bright 13-year-old student diagnosed with what is known as high-functioning autism, a type of ASD that compromises his social skills as well as executive functioning. He uses MindMeister for his reading comprehension assignments at school. Danny has problems doing more than one thing at a time. He gets overwhelmed easily and has troubles answering complex questions. “The factual knowledge is there,” his mom, Elsa Cayelli explains, “but it’s like he’s missing a filing structure in his head that would let him access the information efficiently.” When his reading comprehension assignments at school became more difficult, Danny had a hard time keeping up. “He got very frustrated and his grades dropped,” Danny’s mom says. “When we talked to his doctor about it, he suggested Danny do a summary of each chapter as soon as he had finished reading it. That did help, but since Danny was using text documents to do those summaries, he still wasn’t able to organize his thoughts and notes the way he needed to. The big turnaround came when Danny’s English teacher showed him how to use MindMeister.” With it, Danny is able to create mental maps that represent his thoughts in an organized fashion. The visual structure triggers his memory and lets him access information more efficiently than ever before. MindMeister enables Danny to work through his reading assignments and prepare his book reports all on his own. Since he started using the tool, his grades have gone up from an F to a B level and his reading comprehension has improved. But what’s more, he finally enjoys doing his homework again. You can read the complete case study here. An Entire School Based on Mind Mapping According to Tony Buzan, Australia was the first country to apply mind maps in the education of autistic children and has done so with astonishing results.  Seabrook Primary School in Victoria states that it “has had enormous success in student self-confidence and academic achievement following the introduction of mind mapping in 2002”. Their initial efforts were focused on the school’s more difficult students and those with discipline and behavioral problems. They note that mind mapping “enabled them to be far more engaged and less difficult.” For their autistic students, they report that mind maps finally gave them an opportunity to show their knowledge and communicate with their teachers. Studies and Recommendations Over the past few decades a number of studies have been conducted on the subject, one of them by Joy Beaney and Penny Kershaw in 2003*  (“Positive Thinking Skills”). The two women were investigating ways to improvethinking skills of children with ASD and other communication difficulties who were being educated as part of a mainstream class. One of their goals was to provide teachers of such children with practical strategies and tools to be used in the classroom. Among others, they found that one key element is the “specific teaching of ways to record and organize material, with mind maps particularly useful in enabling the children to see both the whole picture and component elements.” Many other experts recommend the use of mind maps and similar techniques in the education of children with ASD, among them Francine Brower (“100 Ideas for Supporting Pupils on the Autistic Spectrum”)**, M. Cathleen Gardill and Asha K. Jitendra (“Advanced Story Map Instruction: Effects on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities”)***  as well as the National Autistic Society in the UK. Learn More The following map contains a number of articles, books and studies focusing on mind mapping for children with ASD and other learning disabilities. * Beaney, J. and Kershaw, P. (2003) Positive Thinking Skills. Special, Summer. ** Brower, F. (2007) 100 Ideas for Supporting Pupils on the Autistic Spectrum.  London, Continuum. *** Gardill, M. C. and Jitendra, A. K. (1999). Advanced Story Map Instruction: Effects on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Learning Disabilities.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Essay on Traditional Values Encourage Prejudice and...

Traditional Values Encourage Prejudice and Discrimination Human evolution took place in a most scattered manner, in time and place. Our world is replete with varied societies, each with its own guidelines, philosophies, conventions, customs, traditions, and institutions. Each group, each society, each culture proclaims its individuality, its differences, its distinctiveness, and concocts devices, legal or otherwise, to ensure they will last forever. Therein lie the seeds of intolerance. Mankind must come to realise that each individual is not a limited member of some isolated and narrowly defined group but rather a member of the people of the planet earth. The customs and traditions of our varied cultures, religions and racial†¦show more content†¦The conflicts that arise out of cultural differences are a consequence of each groups erroneous belief about their culture and the nature of culture. Each group holds its customs and traditions as inviolable, and any request made on the adherence is deemed an affront and becomes an excuse for punishment. One of the most destructive types of prejudice is based on someone’s race or cultural group. Take the Holocaust for example. Because of Hitler’s prejudice, six million Jews were systematically and efficiently slaughtered for no other reason than that they were Jews. Each society had its own way and means of doing things. Values may be instilled in us that others may be less hardworking or less efficient, and this brings about economic and job discrimination. A businessman may refuse to do business on equal terms with members of a disfavoured group. Or, he may refuse employment to workers of another race, just because he feels he should support his own. The Chinese have been known for their favouritism towards boys, the ones who carry on the family name. When China implemented the law that each couple could only have one child, most wanted to have a boy, and that led to the killing of many baby girls. At home, it is the girls who do the household chores, with the stereotyped thinking that a woman’s place is in the house. In the workforce, women are paidShow MoreRelatedThe Causes Of Prejudice By Vincent N. Parrillo1209 Words   |  5 Pagesissue in every part of the world. Prejudice, discrimination and stereotypes have been passed on from one generation to the next. The Society has accepted these behaviors to be normal and acceptable. According to the article, â€Å"Causes of Prejudice† by Vincent N. Parrillo, there are two types of prejudice; psychological and sociological. Psychological prejudice focuses on individual behavior, where as sociological is focused more on a group. Psychological Prejudice is based on a n individual’s behaviorRead MoreThe Patterns Of Majority And Minority Interaction1376 Words   |  6 Pagespatterns of majority and minority interaction eventually play into prejudice and bigotry themes. Prejudice views differ from bigotry. In some form, a comparison can be drawn between ethnocentric ideas and prejudice ideas. When someone is ethnocentric, they believe their own values and customs to be superior to other cultures. From these ethnocentric ideas, which have been displayed throughout history, prejudice ideas occur. Prejudice ideas occur when a person makes a pre-judgment or assumption in regardsRead MoreThe Prevention Of Violence And Discrimination Based On Sexual Orientation And Gender Identity1713 Words   |  7 PagesCommittee: GA3 - The Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee Issue: The prevention of violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity Student Officer: Sarah Lim Position: Chair of the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee ________________________________________ Introduction: Gender identity and sexual orientation is one of the more stigmatized and marginalized aspects of self-expression for any human in our society today. A state or country with a more liberalRead MoreA Brief Note On Sociological Factors On Clients1666 Words   |  7 Pagespolicy, is the value placed on the human rights of individuals and minority groups. He further asserts that it encompasses the â€Å"fundamental values of equity, equality, social justice, and human rights and freedoms, as well as on the principles of tolerance and embracing diversity† to all minority groups. However, this is contradicted when we look at the violation of individuals rights for same sex marriages. Our social policy to a certain degree almost encourages discrimination because it doesRead MoreAnalysis Of Arnstein s Model As A Way Of Establishing Service Users1390 Words   |  6 Pagesdisabilities or progressive chronic illnesses are the most targeted and isolated in the community due to stigma . This is supported in Adams, et al (2002, p290) stating in part that: ‘Discrimination against disabled people is institutionalised throughout society and welfare provision has compounded rather than alleviated that discrimination’. Adams, et al (2002, p290) In the case study, it may appear that Kwame’s diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) which is progressive and that might be a barrier to participateRead MoreThe Civil Unrest Of Laos993 Words   |  4 PagesGarrett (2012) point out that identity found in ethnicity can be associated to a shared political, social, and economic interest. As Akamu’s family fled the political oppression in Laos, he experienced the social in-justice of the government and the prejudice that resulted most likely in the death of his brother. As refugees his family became subject to continual changes in political power, as well as, the social change as a result of migrating to California. This migration increased an economic voidRead MoreWomen s Autonomy And Respect Of Women1329 Words   |  6 Pagesconfidence to speak up and challenge the traditional female role. Lea Verou, another successful female web developer, reaffirms women’s autonomy and the respect of women power are . For Verou, t he key to achieve this goal is that parents need to protect women from traditional domestic value on women and should teach them in the similar way as boys to evoke their creativity. Both of them reinforce women’s power to change and to break down the traditional value for women, but they overlook the fact thatRead MoreEquality Diversity and Inclusion in Work with Children and Young People956 Words   |  4 PagesEquality diversity and inclusion in work with children and young people: Alison Brooks Assessment of how own attitude values and behaviour could impact on work with young people and children. 2.3 All those working in the school have a legal duty to protect the rights of children and young people. It is important that you examine your own attitudes and values critically; to consider how these may impact on the way you work with children Rigid and divisive views from adults can be reflectedRead More Deontology and Homosexuality Essay887 Words   |  4 Pagesstudent, they are following their traditional viewpoints against the homosexual lifestyle. Several researchers have addressed the issue of sexual preferences and consequential discriminative beliefs. According to research by Herek (1987), religion is one of the most important social agents in defining viewpoints against homosexuality, and their intolerance reflects on both the academic community and the entire society. As a moral realist, I cannot form prejudices because the main rule of moral realismRead MoreChildren Can Experience Prejudice Behaviour And Approaches During Their Young Age884 Words   |  4 PagesI have found that recent researches say that children can experience prejudice behaviour and approaches during their young age. I also understand that children’s behaviour are mostly affected through their attitudes, other educators influence an d the environment around them (Walker, 2010). I have also enjoyed reading the booklet of Child Inclusive learning and Development Australia Inc (2014) that â€Å"a multicultural approach is relevant regardless of whether the children are from diverse cultural backgrounds

Friday, May 8, 2020

Essay on Causes of Suicide - 2158 Words

Causes of Suicide This essay examines the reasons why a person of good physical health decides to terminate their own life. It does not consider euthanasia, assisted or forced suicide. Compared to most aspects of psychological health it is limited in scope for research – no â€Å"follow-up† can be performed, if the act is completed, and no ethical panel would approve experiments to demonstrate a causal link. Suicide has â€Å"no one single cause or stressor† according to the Lancet 2011. Before elaborating on what causes suicide it should be understood what we mean by cause. The Oxford English Dictionary defines cause as â€Å"a person or thing that gives rise to an action, phenomenon or condition.† This essay will in part examine the methods employed†¦show more content†¦The trend of suicide frequency has stayed relatively stable over the past ten years though there has been a sharp increase since the economic downturn according to WHO data in Europe. This has been put down to effects of the crisis – with the greatest increase in Greece and lowest in Finland. It also corresponds with findings of increased prescribing of antidepressants. Suicide was the cause of 9% (second biggest cause) of male deaths in the 16-24yrs, 2009 (ONS), 1 in 5 in the 24-34yr age group. When looking at the causes of suicide it may be useful to look from an epidemiological/ public health perspective. This is owing to the potential for â€Å"copycat suicides† or mass/point clusters of suicide. This phenomenon is not a new one, going back to the â€Å"Sorrows of Young Werter† – people often share behaviours with those they associate with (similarity bias) or look up to (prestige bias). The latter is where the influence of the media comes into consideration, an aspect which has been under supervision for fear of the effect on â€Å"social learning† {Mesoudi 2009}. Genetics: As major depressive disorder, one of the factors associated with suicide risk, has an established heritability – it follows that there is at least some extent to which an argument for genetic predisposition could be argued regarding suicidal behaviour. {A. von Borczyskowski, F. Lindblad, B. Vinnerljung, R. Reintjes andShow MoreRelatedSuicide And Suicide : The Causes Of Suicide745 Words   |  3 PagesSuicide is the act of intentionally taking one’s own life in an attempt to cope with stress or cry for help. Causes of suicide include mental disorders such as depression, exposure to other suicidal individuals, or domestic violence. Potential victims are oftentimes at a very unstable time in their lives and it makes it hard to distinguish thoughts of suicide from other thoughts, however, they generally show warning signs, which can be used to prevent the situation if treated correctly and in a timelyRead MoreSuicide : The Main Causes Of Suicide973 Words   |  4 PagesSu icide takes many loved ones away. Suicide causes despair in families and friends of the victim and causes them to feel at loss at times. It makes them feel like they had wronged the individual and that they are the reason that they have committed suicide. According to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United StatesRead MoreSuicide : The Main Causes Of Suicide967 Words   |  4 PagesSuicide takes a lot of loved ones away. They make the families and friends of the victim in despair and at loss at times. It makes them feel like they had wronged the individual and that they are the reason that they have committed suicide. According to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States, which proves that a lot of families have to go through this.Suicide affects the victims family and friends by making them feel guiltyRead MoreCauses Of Youth Suicide1316 Word s   |  6 PagesYouth Suicide Suicide can be described as a process which includes thoughts of death (killing one’s self), to the actual act of carrying out the suicide attempt. In the United States, suicide is the third leading cause of death among our young people (McWhirter, McWhirter, McWhirter, McWhirter, 2017). Approximately 16% of youth have thoughts of suicide, 13% will attempt to develop a plan, and 8% will actually carry out this plan every year (McWhirter et al, 2017). Every day, five young peopleRead MoreCauses And Consequences Of Suicide1380 Words   |  6 PagesCauses of Suicide We all love our family, friends and co-workers. The worst thing that could happened to them is to know that they want to commit suicide and know that you could prevent them from doing it. Even if it’s a suicidal thought that counts and someone should notice that. We can help them in a lot of ways just by doing really simple things like asking them questions about their day, how they felt and getting them to trust you. Also with this you are saving a life that felt that no one careRead MoreSuicide : Causes And Ways999 Words   |  4 Pagesthe world dies because of suicide. Why is it that our society is so used to seeing people on the news, loose someone because they had completed suicide? Instead of promoting suicides, we should prevent it. In the field of psychology, where it’s the study of mind and behavior, I’ve decided to take a closer look on the current rates, main causes and ways to prevent suicides. Suicides are a result of depression or some kind of mental illness. Most people who complete suicide don’t necessarily want toRead MoreSuicide and the Leading Causes1076 Words   |  5 PagesSuicide is an epidemic that has always plagued society. The option to take your own life rather than face the reality of living and the world is an option that many people take each year. 38,364 suicides were reported in 2010 alone (Facts and Figures, 2014). That number made suicide the 10th leading cause of death in the United States (Facts and Figures, 2014). The staggering number of people committing suicide made me wonder what kind of genetic predisposition some people may have to carry out suchRead MoreThe Cause Death Of Suicide1495 Words   |  6 PagesThe Never Ending Cause to Death. Have you ever lost a family or a friend to suicide? Many people and even I will answer this question with â€Å"yes.† The rate of death, caused by suicide, in the world is way too high. Scientist are relating most of these deaths to teens and retired army members. Every year suicide rates keep climbing. The world need to find a better solution to stopping or lower the rates of suicide. Suicide is a huge social issue that is effecting not only friends and family but,Read MoreCauses of Suicide Essay1617 Words   |  7 PagesCauses of Suicide *No Works Cited Suicide can best be described as the destructive act of voluntarily taking ones own life. Suicide often presents a real and often tragic puzzle to be solved by friends and family, and any other professionals who have been involved with someone who has committed suicide. To be able to definitively answer the question as to why an individual would commit such a deadly act seems to be a highly complex task. The victim himselfRead MoreSuicide : Cause And Effect2125 Words   |  9 PagesSuicide has been a critical worldwide issue over the course of many years, and continues to be one of, if not the most heated topics till today. Suicide rates are at the highest they have ever been and is believed to be the second leading cause of death midst the youth. Often, we underestimate the number of outcome caused by suicide, not by accidents or tragic health issues but by their own two hands. It is the decision an individual makes to end their own life, followed by an act that will result

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Mine Accident Free Essays

The Sago Mine Accident in January, 2006, left the world wondering how things were so bungled.   Communication in the incident was almost as large a disaster as the mine explosion itself. Many questions still hound the company and the families of those who died. We will write a custom essay sample on Mine Accident or any similar topic only for you Order Now If the mine had been cited for numerous safety violations, why was it not shut down until those were repaired?   Why had the safety violations not been address by company, union or mine safety officials? Reports indicate it was nearly an hour and half after the explosion before rescue crews were brought in. Why?   Furthermore, when rescue workers began to receive information about the fate of the trapped miners, why was the information released to the families and the news media before it could be verified. While there was nothing the company could do to change the fate of the miners, being told they were alive and then learning that they had died, except for one survivor, demoralized the nation and the families, compounding the tragedy. The question remains why did the company not have better emergency communication procedures in place and why, once rescue workers were in place, were facts no verified before being released to the waiting families? At first glance, it appears that simple communication preparation could have helped the entire incident to be handled more smoothly.   If the union, the company and mine safety officials had better documented the infractions and the response to those refractions, they would have been spared the negative attention from the national media. If the company had had a designated procedure for dealing with crisis communications it might better have been able to reach rescue workers and get them to the mine sooner. The timing of the incident contributed to the communications errors because people were on vacation and the mine had to find other ways to communicate with mine safety officials. Finally, the communication problems during the mine rescue could have been avoided if all information were channeled through one person and then distributed accordingly. How to cite Mine Accident, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

Personality development free essay sample

Personality Development quint essentially means enhancing and grooming one’s outer and inner self to bring about a positive change to your life. Each individual has a distinct persona that can be developed, polished and refined. This process includes boosting one’s confidence, improving communication and language speaking abilities, widening ones scope of knowledge, developing certain hobbies or skills, learning fine etiquettes and manners, adding style and grace to the way one looks, talks and walks and overall imbibing oneself with positivity, liveliness and peace. PERSONALITY ENHANCEMENT -A NEED FOR ALL- Personality Development is gaining more and more importance because it enables people to create a good impression about themselves on others. It helps them to build and develop relationships, helps in your career growth and also helps to improve your financial needs. After all, Personality Development is nothing but a tool that helps you realize your capabilities and your strengths making you a stronger, a happier and a cheerful person. We will write a custom essay sample on Personality development or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page GROOMING Outward appearance is the window of your personality to the world. You are not only dress for others but for yourself too. External appearance is important b’coz that gives the first impression to others about your personality. Two Major Reasons: 1) Outward appearance is easier to examine and easier to improve. 2) Outward appearance has a more direct and immediate effect on ones interactions with others. CRESCENDO PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS †¢Role Plays †¢Inspirational Clips †¢Learning with Fun †¢Pre-Training Observation * †¢Post-Training Observation * †¢One-on-One Feedback Provided * †¢Weekly Follow-ups * †¢Tailor-made courses to suit your needs †¢Incentives for Improvement from Crescendo* OBJECTIVE: What is â€Å" Grooming? † Importance of Personal Grooming Relation between personal appearance and image projection Disclaimer: This are â€Å"Guidelines Only† about grooming in professional environment and not intended or meant to hurt anyone’s feeling. We understand that dressing and outward appearance are affected by Culture and Ethnic background. It is important to dress according to your own style and for the occasion while meeting your organizational dress code guidelines. What is Grooming? It is the process of making yourself look neat and attractive The things which you do to make yourself and your appearance tidy and pleasant. Whether this is real or imaginary, the most important fact is that your appearance influences the opinions of everyone around you. Your professionalism, intelligence and the trust people form in you is mainly due to your appearance. Some of the perceptions people can form solely from your appearance are: Your professionalism Your level of sophistication Your intelligence Your credibility Personal Grooming Habits: Grooming involves all aspects of yourself Overall Cleanliness Hair Nails Teeth Uniform Make-up Personal Grooming Habit: HAIR It is your crowning glory Keep it at a length and style at which you can maintain it Wash your hair everyday or at least every other day Hairstyles: Men: We recommend to not fall over the ears, eyebrows or even touch the back of the collar Will always present a neat appearance Facial hair should be neatly trimmed ( moustache, sideburns), beards are not recommended Women: Tie your hair in a neat hairstyle with hair pulled back from face Hair if longer than jaw line should be tied into a bun Should be well groomed with a neat appearance at all times hHair holding devices should be plain and of natural colours. Nails: Clip nails short, along their shape A healthy body ensures healthy nails. Brittle or discolored nails show up deficiencies or disease conditions. Teeth: Brush teeth at least twice a day Remember to rinse your mouth after every meal For those who smoke it is important you rinse your mouth after every smoke and use a mouth freshener Uniform: Your uniform talks a lot about your organization First impressions are made within the first five minutes of meeting someone A neat, clean and well ironed uniform is acceptable and appreciated by one and all at all times Your Id-Tags are also an important part of your uniform Make-up: Make up should be natural looking Try avoiding bright and attention catching colors for nail polish and lip color Mild fragrance Women: we advise to stay away from extremely dark, bright reds and fluorescent colors Hair color should not be more than two shades darker or lighter than your natural hair color. Unnatural colors (burgundy, green etc. ) must be avoided Accessories Male: Men should limit possibly limit accessories/jewelry to 3 pieces Accessories include watch, ring, handkerchief A dress watch should be worn, avoid athletic styles Avoid bracelets, necklaces, and visible piercing Women: Jewelry shoud be keep minimal and conservative Remove all facial piercing except earrings The 5 Piece Rule: Wear only five accessories – earrings count as 2; watch count as 3, allowing 2 additional accessories Shoes: Male: Lace up conservative shoes are the most appropriate Choose black, brown or burgundy shoes. Shoe colors should match your trousers or be of a darker color. Avoid very old, shape distorted shoes. Socks should match the color of your suits and cover you calves. (Try changing socks everyday) Safest color is black. Belts should be in good condition and match the color of your shoes. Females: Shoes should be pumps or sling backs, do not wear shoes with open toes, open heel, or ankle straps. Shoes should be of good quality leather Shoe color should be darker than your trouser Hells should be 1-3 inches; higher heels should be saved for after hours. Let’s Remember A neat and clean uniform at all times Hair neatly tied up No bad breath Clean and washed socks with polished shoes Well manicured /pedicured nails Usage of mild deodorants SWAY BACK LUMBAR THORASIC FORWARD GOOD LORDOSIS KYPHOSIS HEAD POSTURE Step 1 Avoid slouching. Straighten your body and pull your shoulders back so that your legs, torso, neck and head are all in a vertical line, recommends OSHA. Step 2 Stand with your feet about shoulder-width apart and bend your knees slightly. Step 3 Bear your weight on the balls of your feet, the portion of the foot between the toes and arch, recommends the American Chiropractic Association. If you have to stand for long periods, shift the weight from your toes to your heels. You can also rest your feet on a footrest one at a time, but maintain proper posture and avoid slouching. Step 4 Let your arms hang freely at your sides when possible. Personality Development Training Everyone is influenced by an attractive personality and without influencing others you can’t get success in today’s competitive world. For many of us, it is not enough to simply have life as it happens. We find it essential to get the most we can out of life and that is being the best that we can be. We may be coping with life – but are we in control of it? You may be successful in some areas of your life, so why not be successful in all aspects of your life? We believe that working on both your inner self and your outer self will help you build the confidence you need to be in complete charge of your life resulting to fulfilled dreams and living life in abundance. By doing so, an individual maximizes their potential to excel both in their careers as well as their personal lives. Similarly a training in personality development enhances the general as well as unique traits (characteristics which differentiate one from others) of a person. This course aims to help a person understand and know his / her purpose in life, get a positive thought pattern, gain confidence, improve behavior, learn better communication and develop a healthy physique. Course Objective: Help create a purpose statement for life and work Usher an individual to personal wholeness and satisfaction To strategize ways for an individual promotion by building your personal brand Aid in achieving correct posture and a healthy life style Manifest good grooming on a person’s outer appearance Read and understand the importance of body talk Describe ways to enhance Verbal Communication Describe common practices in observing manners in your work place and out Module 1: Working on The Inner You Creating a Purpose Statement for Life and Work Becoming Personally Whole Adopt Methods For Gaining New Joy and Satisfaction Discover Gifts in Surprising Places Principles of Promotion and Building Your Personal Brand Strategies in Viewing Life in the Lens of Hope and Possibilities Module 2: Working on the Outer You Your Scale and Your Diet The Importance of Correct Posture – How to Stand Correctly, How to Walk Gracefully and How to Sit Properly The Role of Exercise Module 3: Grooming Skin Care Program Proper Make-Up How Presentable Are You? Proper Hair Care Hand and Feet Fragrance Module 4: Body Talk Body Language Eye Contact Hand Shake Smile Mirroring Aggressive vs. Assertive Gestures Cultural Differences Module 6: A Socially Confidence You Office Decorum Manners to Observe Around Your Office Social Graces in Public Post Training Assessments Closing Activity Graduation Rites

Thursday, March 19, 2020

How to Use the French Adverbial Phrase Tout à Fait

How to Use the French Adverbial Phrase Tout Fait Tout fait,  pronounced  too ta feh, is a ubiquitous French adverbial phrase  that means absolutely, exactly, completely.  Pas tout fait  means not exactly or not quite. Tout, the  root of the expression, can be used in a number of ways. Tout as an adverb can team with  other adverbs, adjectives, and the prepositions  Ã‚  and  de  to form tout-based adverbial expressions and phrases, which means two or more words act together as an  adverb. Tout  in adverbial phrases and expressions is an intensifier that translates as very, right, quite, all as with tout cà ´tà © de moi  (right next to me).  When it is used  in an adverbial expression such as  tout droit  (straight ahead) or in an adverbial phrase with  Ã‚  and  de  such as  tout fait  (exactly), it is nearly always invariable, meaning its form does not change for agreement.   Pronunciation of the Final 'T' in 'Tout' When tout  precedes a vowel, as it does in  tout fait, the final t is pronounced  to make the phrase easier and faster to say.  Thus, the whole phrase is pronounced  too ta feh. The same goes for tout coup,  tout lheure, and tout au contraire.  When the final t in tout precedes a consonant, the final t is not pronounced, as with tout dun coup, too duh(n) koo.   'Tout' in Adverbial Phrases With the Prepositions: ''and 'de'   Ã‚  Ã‚  tout coup  Ã‚  all of a sudden  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout fait  Ã‚  absolutely  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout lheure  Ã‚  shortly, right away  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout au contraire  Ã‚  on the contrary  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout de suite  Ã‚  immediately  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout de mà ªme  Ã‚  all the same, anyway  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout dun coup  Ã‚  all at once 'Tout' in Adverbial Expressions   Ã‚  Ã‚  tout doucement   very quietly  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout droit   straight ahead  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout haut   very loudly  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout loin dici   very far from here  Ã‚  Ã‚  tout prà ¨s   very near Uses of 'Tout Fait' Generally speaking, the adverbial phrase  tout  Ã‚  fait is used in a couple of ways: 1)  As an interjection to express strong or enthusiastic agreement: Il devrait amener ses parents la fà ªte.   He should take his parents to the party.Oui, tout fait !   Yes, absolutely! 2)  For emphasis: ​Vous avez tout fait raison.   Youre absolutely correct.   Examples Sentences With 'Tout Fait' Ceci constitue notre problà ¨m.   This is our  problem.Tout  Ã‚  fait.   Exactly, I completely agree.Cest tout fait ordinaire.   Its completely ordinary.Ce nest pas tout fait ce que je voulais.   Its not quite what I wanted.Tout le monde est daccord ?   Does everyone agree?Pas tout fait.   Not exactly.En es-tu tout fait conscient  ? Are you fully aware of it ?Je vous comprends tout fait. I understand you perfectly well.Ce nest pas tout fait exact. Its not quite correctNai-je pas raison  ? Tout fait  ! Am I right ? Absolutely !Cest tout fait ce que je cherche. Its exactly what Ive been looking for.Vous faites les retouches  ? Do you do alterations ?Tout fait. Certainly (we do)​.   Additional Resources All About ToutExpressions With Expressions With Fait and FaireSynonyms for NonSynonyms for OuiSynonyms for Trà ¨sMost Common French Phrases

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Michael Collins, Astronaut of Apollo 11 Mission

Michael Collins, Astronaut of Apollo 11 Mission Astronaut Michael Collins has often been called the forgotten astronaut. He flew to the Moon aboard Apollo 11 in July 1969, but never set foot there. During the mission, Collins orbited the Moon, doing photography and keeping the command module ready to receive moonwalkers Neil Armstrong  and Buzz Aldrin when they finished their surface mission. Fast Facts: Michael Collins Born: October 31, 1930, in Rome, ItalyParents: James Lawton Collins, Virginia Stewart CollinsSpouse: Patricia Mary FinneganChildren: Michael, Ann, and Kathleen Collins  Education: United States  Military Academy at West Point, Harvard UniversityMilitary Career: U.S. Air Force, Experimental Flight School, Edwards Air Force BaseNASA Accomplishments: Gemini astronaut, pilot of the Apollo 11 Command Module, flew to the Moon with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Armstrong.  Interesting Fact: Collins is a watercolor painter of Everglades scenes and aircraft.   Early Life Michael Collins was born on October 31, 1930, to James Lawton Collins and his wife Virginia Stewart Collins. His father was stationed in Rome, Italy, where Collins was born. The elder Collins was a career Army man, and the family moved quite often. Eventually, they settled in Washington, D.C., and Michael Collins attended St. Albans school before leaving to attend college at the United States Military Academy at West Point.   Collins graduated West Point on June 3, 1952, and immediately entered the United States Air Force to become a pilot. He took flight training in Texas. In 1960, he joined the USAF Experimental Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base. Two years later, he applied to become an astronaut and was accepted into the program in 1963.   Collinss NASA Career Astronaut Michael Collins in his official NASA portrait. NASA   Michael Collins entered NASA in the third group of astronauts ever selected. By the time he joined the program, he had studied spaceflight basics as a graduate student, along with other future astronauts Joe Engle and Edward Givens. Astronaut Charlie Bassett (who died in a crash before he could fly in space) was also a classmate. During training, Collins specialized in extravehicular activity (EVA) planning for the Gemini program, as well as spacesuits for use during spacewalks.  He was assigned to the Gemini mission as the backup and flew aboard the Gemini 10 mission on July 18, 1966. It required Collins and his crewmate astronaut John Young to rendezvous with the Agena vehicles. They also performed other tests, and Collins did two spacewalks during their time on orbit.   Going to the Moon Upon his return to Earth, Collins began training for an Apollo mission. Eventually, he was assigned to Apollo 8. Due to some medical issues, Collins did not fly that mission but was instead assigned as the Capsule Communicator (known as Capcom) for that mission. His job was to handle all communications with Frank Borman, James Lovell, and William Anders on the flight. Following that mission, NASA announced the first team to go to the Moon: Neil Armstrong and Edwin Buzz Aldrin to land and explore, and Michael Collins to be Command Module pilot orbiting the Moon. Astronaut Michael Collins, command module pilot of the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission, studies flight plan during simulation training at the Kennedy Space Center in preparation for the mission. Bettmann Archive / Getty Images The three men lifted off from the Kennedy Space Center on the Apollo 11 mission on July 16, 1969.  Four days later, the Eagle lander separated from the command module, with Armstrong and Aldrin headed to the Moon. Collins job was to maintain the orbiter, follow the mission on the surface of the Moon, and photograph the Moon. Then, when the other two were ready, dock with their Eagle lander and bring the other two men back to safety. Collins performed his duties and in later years, admitted that he was very worried about Armstrong and Aldrin landing safely and getting back. The mission was a success, and upon their return, the three astronauts were heralded around the world as heroes.   Apollo 11 astronauts (L-R) Aldrin, Collins, Armstrong peering out window of quarantine room aboard recovery ship Hornet following splashdown fr. historic moon mission. The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images / Getty Images A New Career Path After the successful Apollo 11 flight, Michael Collins was tapped to join government service, where he was made the Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs late in 1969, serving under President Richard Nixon. He held that position until 1971, when he took over as Director of the National Air and Space Museum. Collins held that job until 1978 and then was appointed the undersecretary of the Smithsonian Institution (the parent body over the Air and Space Museum).   Since leaving the Smithsonian, Michael Collins has studied at Harvard Business School and served as vice president of LTV Aerospace. Hes also written several books, including his autobiography titled Carrying the Fire. He is also well-known as a watercolor painter, focusing on scenes in Florida and also on spacecraft and aircraft subjects.   Awards and Legacy Michael Collins is a retired USAF general  and belongs to a number of organizations, such as the Society of Experimental Test Pilots and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He was also inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame. Over the years, Collins has been given many awards and honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, Air Force Distinguished Service Medal, and NASAs Distinguished Service Medal. A lunar crater is named for him, as well as an asteroid. In a rare and unique honor, due to his involvement in several movies and TV, Collins and his fellow astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame dedicated to the Apollo 11 astronauts. He also appeared in a documentary about his flight to the Moon.   Collins was married to Patricia Mary Finnegan until her death in 2014. He remains an active and sought-after public speaker and continues painting and writing. Sources Chandler, David L., and MIT News Office. â€Å"Michael Collins: ‘I Could Have Been the Last Person to Walk on the Moon.’† MIT News, 2 Apr. 2015, news.mit.edu/2015/michael-collins-speaks-about-first-moon-landing-0402.Dunbar, Brian. â€Å"NASA Honors Apollo Astronaut Michael Collins.† NASA, NASA, www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2006/jan/HQ_M06012_Collins.html.NASA, NASA, er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/collinsm.htm.Nasa. â€Å"Michael Collins: The Lucky, Grumpy Astronaut - The Boston Globe.† BostonGlobe.com, 22 Oct. 2018, www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2018/10/21/michael-collins-the-lucky-grumpy-astronaut/1U9cyEr7aRPidVuNbDDkfO/story.html.